Diabetes and Pregnancy: Essentials on Gestational Diabetes

Pregnancy is a particularly good time for doctors and midwives to look for and treat a problem in time, such as diabetes during pregnancy, called gestational diabetes (GDM).

Pregnancy causes disruption in the body of the woman particularly hormonally. Thus, sugar tolerance is modified and some women have a blood glucose (blood sugar) that exceeds the normal threshold, indicating diabetes during pregnancy (gestational diabetes).

It is estimated that this problem affects about 8% of pregnant women. It occurs most often in the second trimester of pregnancy, and usually disappears after childbirth.

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New screening recommendations released in 2010 provide screening based on the presence of risk factors. In this case, it is recommended that the doctor carry out this screening by taking blood (fasting blood glucose) at the first consultation of pregnancy.

In the absence of abnormalities, screening for gestational diabetes is recommended between 24 and 28 weeks of amenorrhea (SA).

What is gestational diabetes exactly? What are the causes, symptoms and possible complications? And most importantly: how to treat gestational diabetes (GDM)? Zoom on this disease that can occur during pregnancy.

All our advice to live well your pregnancy!

Which foods to focus on or avoid? What about drugs? And what to do in case of fatigue? Health, well-being, beauty ... Discover our practical advice!

Want to react, share your experience or ask a question? See you in our FORUMS Pregnancy or Diabetes !

Read also :
> The O'Sullivan test
> Diabetes in women: which particularity?
> Diabetes: Are you sure you know everything?

Author: Nathalie Mathieu and Dr. Nicolas Evrard.
Last update: January 2018 by Dr. Iléana De LAMETH, Hospital Practitioner in Endocrinology, Diabetology, Nutrition.
Expert consultant: Dr. Jacques Lepercq, obstetrician gynecologist at the Port Royal Maternity Hospital, Paris.

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