Dislocation: treatments

Joint dislocation requires urgent care. The treatment consists of three steps:

  1. Reduction
  2. immobilization
  3. Re-education

1 - Once the radiological examinations (and medical imaging) carried out, the doctor generally can reduce dislocation, that is to say put back the joint in its initial position. This intervention is done by an experienced doctor (the best is an orthopedist - surgeon specializing in bones and joints). In case of dislocation of the shoulder, the return of the joint to its initial position is achieved by manipulation. The patient remains awake with administration of anti-pain treatments, or can also undergo a very short and light general anesthesia.

2 - Immobilization of the joint or limb concerned. Once the joint is put in place, this immobilization allows the healing of ligaments, and the maintenance of joint relations. It will be longer or shorter depending on the severity of the injury and the physical condition of the patient.

3 - Finally, rehabilitation will facilitate the return of good joint mobility, and avoid recurrence by inculcating patients movements, actions to proscribe. Sometimes surgical treatment is necessary, in case of bone lesion associated with dislocation, or in case of recurrent dislocation. Example: a stop can be put in place at the level of the shoulder when a person is victim of recurrent dislocation.

As for the treatment of congenital hip dislocation, it is quite restrictive. To alleviate this problem, the infant must keep his lower limbs apart for the first few months. Various methods are used. Surgical operations requiring correction of dislocation are now very rare, and are generally indicated if hip dislocation is diagnosed late.

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